This is why manifesting reparations is equally as important for Black people in America as ending the system of racism and white supremacy. Equality and equity are not the same thing, and Black America is long overdue for our fair share of equity.
Trillions of dollars and entire empires were built from the labor and ingenuity of Black people in America. America’s largest banking institutions and corporations must repay black people in America if they want to claim that “Black Lives Matter”. There can never be justice in America until the descendants of the people whom earned America’s enormous amount of wealth get their share.
America would not have accumulated the wealth and power it has without centuries of exploiting black labor for white wealth. The companies mentioned below are just a few of the major American corporations that got rich from the slavery of black people.
Here Are Some Of The Major American Corporations Who Profited From Slavery
J.P. Morgan Chase, Investment Banking Company, Profited From Slavery
“J.P. Morgan Chase filed a disclosure statement with the city of Chicago on January 20 acknowledging that between 1831 and 1865, two of J.P. Morgan Chase’s predecessor banks – Citizens Bank and Canal Bank in Louisiana – accepted approximately 13,000 slaves as collateral for loans and ended up owning approximately 1,250 of them as a result of defaults.” – The New York Sun
Lehman Brothers, Banking Investment Company, Built Wealth From Cotton Harvested By Slaves
“The Lehman family members were Alabama cotton brokers. In 1850 they founded Lehman Brothers Investments, acquiring their capital and wealth by investing and trading in cotton. Three sons moved to New York City in 1858, where they later helped to establish the New York Cotton Exchange (1870).” – Workers.org
Wachovia (Now Owned By Wells Fargo) Bank Built Wealth From Slavery Profits
“Charlotte, N.C.-based Wachovia (down $0.27 to $51.08, Research) issued a 111-page report to comply with a Chicago ordinance that requires companies that do business with the city to disclose whether they profited from slavery, which ended in the United States in 1865.”On behalf of Wachovia Corporation, I apologize to all Americans, and especially to African-Americans and people of African descent,” said Ken Thompson, Wachovia chairman and chief executive officer, in the statement released late Wednesday. “We are deeply saddened by these findings.” Historians at the History Factory, a research firm specializing in corporate archival work, found that the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company and the Bank of Charleston — institutions that ultimately became part of Wachovia through acquisitions — owned slaves, Wachovia said in the statement. Records revealed that the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company owned at least 162 slaves, Wachovia said, and that the Bank of Charleston accepted at least 529 slaves as collateral on mortgaged properties or loans. The Bank of Charleston also acquired an undetermined number of people when customers defaulted on their loans.” – CNN Money
New York Life Insurance Company Had Policies That Reimburse Slave Owners For Dead Slaves
“New York Life, the nation’s third-largest life insurance company, opened in Manhattan’s financial district in the spring of 1845. The firm possessed a prime address — 58 Wall Street — and a board of trustees populated by some of the city’s wealthiest merchants, bankers and railroad magnates. Sales were sluggish that year. So the company looked south. There, in Richmond, Va., an enterprising New York Life agent sold more than 30 policies in a single day in February 1846. Soon, advertisements began appearing in newspapers from Wilmington, N.C., to Louisville as the New York-based company encouraged Southerners to buy insurance to protect their most precious commodity: their slaves. Alive, slaves were among a white man’s most prized assets. Dead, they were considered virtually worthless. Life insurance changed that calculus, allowing slave owners to recoup three-quarters of a slave’s value in the event of an untimely death.” – The New York Times