Slave patrols helped to maintain the economic order and to assist the wealthy landowners in recovering and punishing slaves who essentially were considered property. – Victor E. Kappeler, Ph.D.
According to in-depth look at Police History by SAGE Publications, “The History of the Police“,
“Slave patrols first emerged in South Carolina in the early 1700s, but historical documents also identify the existence of slave patrols in most other parts of the southern region (refer to the Reichel article included at the end of this section). Samuel Walker identified slave patrols as the first publicly funded police agencies in the American South.
Slave patrols (or “paddyrollers”) were created to manage the race- based conflict occurring in the southern region of Colonial America; these patrols were created with the specific intent of maintaining control over slave populations. Interestingly, slave patrols would later extend their responsibilities to include control over White indentured servants.
Salley Hadden identified three principal duties placed on slave patrols in the South during this time, including searches of slave lodges, keeping slaves off of roadways, and disassembling meetings organized by groups of slaves.
Slave patrols were known for their high level of brutality and ruthlessness as they maintained control over the slave population. The members of slave patrols were usually White males (occasionally a few women) from every echelon in the social strata, ranging from very poor individuals to plantation owners that wanted to ensure control over their slaves.”
The Slave Acts of 1705
When you examine the Slave Acts established in 1705 you will find the roots of the American police force. It was encouraged to recover ‘runaway slaves’ and return them to their ‘owner’ for a reward. You will notice that absolutely no regard was placed to the fact these ‘runaway slaves’ had a human right to escape or defend themselves from the tyrannical brutality of European enslavement. This trend still exists today, as ‘black’ men and women are unlawfully imprisoned and murdered in the street because the American police still do not regard ‘blacks’ as human being deserving of justice and respect.
As African Americans in the colonies grew greater and greater in number, there was a justifiable paranoia on the part of the white settlers that a violent rebellion could occur in one’s own neighborhood. It was this fear of rebellion that led each colony to pass a series of laws restricting slaves’ behaviors. The laws were known as SLAVE CODES. – ushistory.org
From Slavery To Prison
Angela Davis explains the slavery to prison phenomena in her work entitled Are Prisons Obsolete?.
“Particularly in the United race has always played a central role in constructing presumptions of criminality. After the abolition of slavery, former slave states passed new legislation revising the Slave Codes in order to regulate the behavior of free blacks in ways similar to those that had existed during slavery. The new Black Codes proscribed a range of actions-such as vagrancy, absence from work, breach of job contracts, the possession of firearms, and insulting gestures or acts-that were criminalized only when the person charged was black.
With the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, slavery and involuntary servitude were putatively abolished. However, there was a significant exception. In the wording of the amendment, slavery and involuntary servitude were abolished “except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.II According to the Black Codes, there were crimes defined by state law for which only black people could be “duly convicted.” Thus, former slaves, who had recently been extricated from a condition of hard labor for life, could be legally sentenced to penal servitude.” – Angela Davis, “Are Prisons Obsolete?”
Justified Murder Of ‘Blacks’
Here’s a section of “The Penal Code of The State of Texas: Adopted by the 6th Legislature (1857)”
Although this was created over 150 years ago, you can see how these laws are still covertly applied today. Look at #2 under article 564:
“When a slave forcibly resists any lawful order of his master, overseer, or other person having legal charge of him, in such a manner as to give reasonable fear of loss of life, or great bodily harm, in enforcing obedience to such order.”
I know you’ve heard police say something like ‘I used deadly force because I was afraid for my life’ after they murder a ‘black’ man or woman in cold blood. This narrative has been used for the justification of murdering ‘blacks’ in America, even long before the slave codes.
This is America.
“Few police officers ever face trial for shooting deaths, let alone are convicted. In recent years, fatal shootings of unarmed black men across the United States have sparked outrage and concerns over police use of lethal force. Despite several high-profile cases and increased video evidence, convictions have been rare.” – Madison Park, cnn.com
Misconceptions About The Relationship Between ‘Blacks’ And Police
“The fact that many whites trust police more and believe that there is anti-police bias in the black community is actually counter to the plain facts of American police conduct. Police have been killing blacks with legal freedom from punishment for over three centuries. When whites learn and accept the truth about the terrorism that has been a large part of police culture, which has bred anti-black bias, we may be closer to improving police training. And perhaps we will be closer to a more complete education of citizens—which could change how we respect one another.” – Jessica Dixon Weaver, theroot.com
When you understand the foundation of the modern-day police, you should change the way you deal with and react to the injustices perpetrated by them. Marching & protesting have not and will not change the way police deal with the ‘black’ community. Although by now there can be instances where some police can be found doing good for the ‘black’ community’, you must realize those minute attempts to portray equality do not out-way centuries of murder & brutality that still continue to this day.
The foundation of the police departments around America are rooted in the ideology of ‘blacks are criminals’ and the good ‘whites need protection from the criminals’.
If this system is ever to be changed it must be on a revolutionary level. Changing one policy here and there is not the answer. 1 in 10 police officers being convicted of murdering ‘blacks’ is not progress. Begging and pleading with these agencies to view ‘black people’ as human beings that deserve life, liberty and justice is not a solution.
Unfortunately I do not have the answer for the melanated masses. I do know that if we as a people can’t find a way to stand up to these historically racist institutions, ‘by any means necessary’, our next 300 years won’t look much different the last 300 years.
On a spiritual level, if we don’t start being the Kings, Queens and Gods we call ourselves then we are doomed to perpetual servitude and brutality.
We are all we got, and until we start having some empowering self-realizations we will lack the confidence and skill to defend ourselves accordingly.
Know yourself, and know your enemy.