Yosef Ben-Jochannan (1918 – 2015) – a “master teacher of ancient and contemporary history”, researcher, author and lecturer – also known as “Dr. Ben” stated in African Origins of the Major Western Religions that “the whole concept of a “god” or “gods” came out of the Nile Valley African civilizations thousands upon thousands of years before Sumner” (pg. 162-163), which is the birth place of who the Bible calls “Abraham”. Sumner or Sumer is known in the biblical Book of Genesis as Shinar.
In the book, he highlights ‘African influences and roots’ and proves that the major religions of “The West” – Christianity, Judaism, and Islam – have African origins. Due to the massive catalogue of information provided by Dr. Ben’s research in African Origins of Major Western Religions (Ben-Jochannan, 1991), I’ll summarize a few components of his overwhelming argument about Major Western Religions having African origins:
- The concept of a “spirit world” can be found in most “traditionally indigenous African religions”, especially before exposure to the Caucasian/European colonization of indigenous territories.
- The concept of “good” and “evil” spirits, ancestors, and omens are found in most traditionally indigenous African religions. ‘Western Religions’ explain this phenomena with terms like “angels” or “demons”.
- Moses of the Bible (as well as everyone else) was no doubt an indigenous African man.
- Sacrificial Drinking (libations) was apart of ancient indigenous spiritual practices and still is practiced by traditionally indigenous ‘religions’. Christians drink wine for the Holy Communion and Jewish Rabbi’s drink wine on the sabbath.
- Elements of voodoo can be seen in the black church. Despite the de-culturalization of indigenous minds by european colonizers, there remains an unconscious reflex to spiritual stimulation by way of chants, distinct tones, harmonies and rhythms (music).
- Osiris was one, of many, to be considered to be the “one true god” thousands of years be Christianity existed.
- The book of proverbs in the Bible was not written by Solomon, they are from the teachings – collection of poetry and songs – of “Amen-em-ope” (Pharoah/King)
Dr. Ben also notes in African Origins of Major Western Religions that the 10 Commandments are originally from the “Book of the Dead”, The Hymn of Adoration to the God Osiris – ‘Negative Confessions’, 125th ch.
What are the 42 Negative Confessions?
According to Ancient History Encyclopedia, “The Negative Confession (also known as The Declaration of Innocence) is a list of 42 sins which the soul of the deceased can honestly say it has never committed when it stands in judgment in the afterlife. The most famous list comes from The Papyrus of Ani, a text of The Egyptian Book of the Dead, prepared for the priest Ani of Thebes (c. 1250 BCE) and included among the grave goods of his tomb.”
Here are the 42 Negative Confessions:
- I have not committed sin.
- I have not committed robbery with violence.
- I have not stolen.
- I have not slain men and women.
- I have not stolen grain.
- I have not purloined offerings.
- I have not stolen the property of the gods.
- I have not uttered lies.
- I have not carried away food.
- I have not uttered curses.
- I have not committed adultery.
- I have made none to weep.
- I have not eaten the heart [i.e., I have not grieved uselessly, or felt remorse].
- I have not attacked any man.
- I am not a man of deceit.
- I have not stolen cultivated land.
- I have not been an eavesdropper.
- I have slandered no man.
- I have not been angry without just cause.
- I have not debauched the wife of any man.
- I have not debauched the wife of any man (repeats the previous affirmation but addressed to a different god).
- I have not polluted myself.
- I have terrorized none.
- I have not transgressed the Law.
- I have not been wroth.
- I have not shut my ears to the words of truth.
- I have not blasphemed.
- I am not a man of violence.
- I am not a stirrer up of strife (or a disturber of the peace).
- I have not acted (or judged) with undue haste.
- I have not pried into matters.
- I have not multiplied my words in speaking.
- I have wronged none, I have done no evil.
- I have not worked witchcraft against the King (or blasphemed against the King).
- I have never stopped the flow of water.
- I have never raised my voice (spoken arrogantly, or in anger).
- I have not cursed or blasphemed God.
- I have not acted with evil rage.
- I have not stolen the bread of the gods.
- I have not carried away the khenfu cakes from the spirits of the dead.
- I have not snatched away the bread of the child, nor treated with contempt the god of my city.
- I have not slain the cattle belonging to the god.